Academic journal article The Middle East Journal. London and New York: I. Tauris, Martin's Press, New York.
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Academic journal article The Middle East Journal. London and New York: I. Tauris, Martin's Press, New York. Maps to p. Index to p. Erik J.
Zurcher has written a comprehensive and very readable history of modem Turkey. Although conceived as a textbook that "in no way has any pretensions of being an original piece of research" p.
One of the principal merits of the book is that it addresses several different audiences. Due to the author's ability to cut across different disciplines, the study is likely to be of interest to historians, economists, and political scientists alike.
At the same time, the authoritative treatment of the last two hundred years of Turkish history will be a valuable resource for students and the general public. The book is divided into three parts that follow the author's periodization of the history of modern Turkey. Part I covers the period from the end of the eighteenth century to the Young Turks' ascendancy to power in Zurcher's focus on the growing economic, cultural, and diplomatic interaction between Europe and the Ottoman Empire is informed by an eclectic approach that takes into account both the increasing incorporation of the Ottoman Empire into the world economy and the impact of European ideas, institutions, and practices on Ottoman reforms and Westernization efforts.
By not wholly subscribing to either the "dependency" or "modernization" theories, but making judicious use of each, Zurcher provides a balanced analysis of the dynamics of change that ultimately transformed the political map of the Middle East and the Balkans and paved the way for the emergence of modern Turkey.
It is devoted to the domestic and international developments that accompanied the demise of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of the newly established Turkish Republic. This novel periodization reflects Zurcher's belief that there were significant political, ideological, and economic continuities between the Young Turks and the Kemalists--a theme that ran through his two earlier works.
The economic problems and challenges that Turkey faced in the s and s, and the country's transition from an authoritarian one-party regime to democracy in the immediate aftermath of World War II constitute the two other issues that receive substantial attention.
Zurcher's discussion of the formative years of the Republic offers a useful corrective to the official historiography of the period on various issues, such as the real meaning and intent of Mustafa Kemal's famous hour speech in Part III focuses on the achievements and problems of Turkey's experience with democracy since Zurcher provides an overview of the growth of democratic pluralism and rapid economic development amidst increasing social and political instability during four decades of competitive politics.
He examines the changes and continuities in political parties and their leadership, the breakdown of Turkish democracy and the relatively brief periods of military rule in , , and , and the emergence of extremist political movements belonging to the Marxist left, ultra-nationalist right, Islamic fundamentalism, and Kurdish separatism. In the concluding section, Zurcher discusses important trends in Turkish politics and foreign policy since , such as democratization and economic liberalization, intensification of the Kurdish problem, and Turkey's involvement in Middle Eastern security issues as a result of its participation in the Allied Coalition during the Gulf War.
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The book covers a broad sweep of history, exploring the ways in which Turkey became a part of the modern capitalist world of the great European powers, and the beginning of modernizatin and reform following the French Revolution and Revolutionary wars. It traces Turkish history through two centuries of turmoil: the end of the Ottoman empire, the establishment of the Turkish republic, the Kemalist period and the time of troubled democracy to the present. The book also looks at the three military coups in the post-Second World War period, and the subsequent return to democracy, the human rights questions, the current economic situation and relations with the IMF, Turkey's integration into the Western alliance and the bid for membership of the European community, and the re-emergence of the age-old issues: the Kurdish question and the place of Islam in the Turkish state. As the first book of its kind since the publication of Bernard Lewis's "The Emergence of Modern Turkey" over 30 years ago, this book explores the evolution of cultural, religious, social and economic life though two centuries as well as political transformation, and will be read by all students of the Middle East, as well as general readers. Turkey : A Modern History. Erik J.
Turkey -- Turkey: A Modern History by Erik J. Zurcher
He is a professor of Turkish studies at Leiden University since From to he served as director of the International Institute of Social History. His book Turkey: a Modern History is considered a standard work. Three years later he received his MA in Turkish studies, with minors in both modern history and Persian. He subsequently was employed as associate professor of modern history at the same university until
Turkey : A Modern History. Erik J. This revised edition builds upon and updates its twin themes of Turkey's continuing incorporation into the capitalist world and the modernization of state and society. It begins with the forging of closer links with Europe after the French Revolution, and the changing face of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century.