Goliath grouper , Epinephelus itajara , also called Atlantic goliath grouper or jewfish , large sea bass family Serranidae found on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of tropical America and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. The species sometimes attains a length of 2. The adult is dull olive-brown with faint spots and bands. Adult goliath groupers are usually solitary and typically remain in the same area for extended periods.
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Discrete populations of E. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total : 11; Dorsal soft rays total : ; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: brownish yellow, grey or greenish body color; head and dorsal part of body and fins with small black spots; body robust and elongate; body depth contained 2.
Pelvic fins smaller than the pectorals. Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin. Juveniles tawny with irregular vertical bands. Found on rock, coral, or mud bottoms Ref. Juveniles found in mangrove areas and brackish estuaries Ref. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref. Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement. Feeds primarily on crustaceans, particularly spiny lobsters as well as turtles and fishes, including stingrays.
Territorial near its refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body. Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attacks divers. Over-fished, primarily by spear fishing Ref.
Marketed fresh and salted. Meat is of excellent quality. Important game fish Ref. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref. Collaborators Heemstra, P. Randall , FAO Species Catalogue. Groupers of the world family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date.
Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Estimates based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Trophic Level Ref. Generation time: 8. Resilience Ref. Vulnerability Ref. Price category Ref. Common name e. Gadus morhua.
Epinephelus itajara Lichtenstein , Atlantic goliath grouper. Add your observation in Fish Watcher Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed. Google image. Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - m Ref. Maturity: L m Dorsal spines total : 11; Dorsal soft rays total : ; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. A solitary species Ref. Heemstra, P. CMS Ref. Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. Summary page Point data Common names Photos.
Preferred temperature Ref. Entered by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum. Sign our Guest Book. Back to Search. Accessed through: 16 FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden. Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it makes with its swim bladder. Its large, thick, elongated body can grow to over 8 feet long and up to pounds , from rounded snout and small eyes, to short, fan-like tail fin. Usually it is a mottled yellow-brown to grey with darker bard and spots, ideal for blending in to their rocky coral and muddy inshore habitat. Although most groupers start out as females and become males later in life, there is still some debate as to goliath groupers being protogynous hermaphrodites. English language common names include goliath grouper , jewfish, blackbass, esonue grouper, giant seabass, grouper, hamlet, southern jewfish, and spotted jewfish. Of historical importance to commercial fisheries, the goliath grouper has also long been prized by recreational and sport fishers. Traditionally, the species has been caught primarily by hook and line, traps, and trawls.
Discrete populations of E. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total : 11; Dorsal soft rays total : ; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: brownish yellow, grey or greenish body color; head and dorsal part of body and fins with small black spots; body robust and elongate; body depth contained 2. Pelvic fins smaller than the pectorals.
In the eastern Atlantic Ocean , it occurs from the Congo to Senegal. Young Atlantic goliath grouper may live in brackish estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers. They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2. The world record for a hook-and-line-captured specimen is Considered of fine food quality, Atlantic goliath grouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen. It is a relatively easy prey for spear fishermen because of the grouper's inquisitive and generally fearless nature.
Atlantic goliath grouper
Habitat use and abundance of goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara in Brazil: a participative survey. Giglio 1. Leopoldo C. Gerhardinger 3. Fabiano C. Grecco 4.