DMOCRATIE ET TOTALITARISME RAYMOND ARON PDF

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He is best known for his book The Opium of the Intellectuals , the title of which inverts Karl Marx 's claim that religion was the opium of the people — Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. Critic Roger Kimball [6] suggests that Opium is "a seminal book of the twentieth century.

As a voice of moderation in politics, [8] Aron had many disciples on both the political left and right, but he remarked that he personally was "more of a left-wing Aronian than a right-wing one.

Aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. Citing the breadth and quality of Aron's writings, historian James R. Garland suggests, "Though he may be little known in America, Raymond Aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of French intellectualism for much of the twentieth century.

In , he befriended the young American philosopher Allan Bloom , who was teaching at the Sorbonne. A lifelong journalist , Aron in became an influential columnist for Le Figaro , a position he held for thirty years until he joined L'Express , where he wrote a political column up to his death. In Berlin, Aron witnessed the rise to power of the Nazi Party and developed an aversion to all totalitarian systems.

In , he participated in the Colloque Walter Lippmann in Paris. By the s he had grown very critical of the Austrian School and described their obsession with private property as an "inverted Marxism. Aron is the author of books on Karl Marx and on Carl von Clausewitz. In Peace and War , he set out a theory of international relations.

He argues that Max Weber 's claim that the state has a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force does not apply to the relationship between states. In the field of international relations in the s, Aron hypothesized that despite the advent of nuclear weapons , nations would still require conventional military forces. The usefulness of such forces would be made necessary by what he called a "nuclear taboo. A prolific author, he "wrote several thousand editorials and several hundred academic articles, essays, and comments, as well as about forty books", [18] which include:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Raymond Aron. Raymond Aron by Erling Mandelmann. Paris , France. See also: France and weapons of mass destruction. The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 10 June French Historical Studies. French Liberalism from Montesquieu to the Present Day.

Cambridge University Press. Palgrave Macmillan US. Raymond Aron: The Recovery of the Political. Retrieved 16 February — via Google Books. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 16 February Continental philosophy. Theodor W. Category Index. Social and political philosophy. Jurisprudence Philosophy and economics Philosophy of education Philosophy of history Philosophy of love Philosophy of sex Philosophy of social science Political ethics Social epistemology. Bias in academia Bias in the media.

Liberalism portal. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Western philosophy. Continental philosophy French liberalism.

Marxism as the opium of intellectuals. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Raymond Aron. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Raymond Aron.

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The Companion to Raymond Aron pp Cite as. I t all started with Germany. Without having experienced German politics and philosophy during the first three years of the s, Raymond Aron would have hardly become the thinker we know today. All this was important, of course. Studying German philosophy and sociology helped Aron to overcome what he regarded as the shortcomings of the academic education he received in his native France. However, this academic or philosophical discovery only put him on the path to political liberalism.

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Democratie Et Totalitarisme

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