The disease is caused by a virus of the Morbillivirus genus belonging to a family called Paramyxoviridae. There are three distinct phases of clinical manifestation and symptoms vary greatly depending on the stage of infection as well as the individual. There is no known cure for this disease, though it can sometimes be treated in cases of early detection. It can be prevented by following a precise vaccination protocol. Vaccination Though prevention is always preferred the truth about preventative medicine in this case is that it can only be achieved during a limited window. The vaccine used for the prevention of distemper is a live-attenuated vaccine, this means it is a slightly altered version of the virus itself.
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. View PDF. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Topics from this paper. Chromosome Deletion. References Publications referenced by this paper. Veterinary epidemiology [4th Ed. Uruguay: British Journal of Virology Phylogenetic evidence of a new canine distemper virus lineage among domestic dogs in Colombia, South America. Epidemiological features and the neuropathological manifestations of canine distemper virus-induced infections in Brazil: a review.
Evidence of two co-circulating genetic lineages of canine distemper virus in South America. Prevalencia de Distemper y parvovirus.
Canine distemper sometimes termed hardpad disease is a viral disease that affects a wide variety of animal families, including domestic and wild species of dogs, coyotes, foxes, pandas, wolves, ferrets, skunks, raccoons, and large cats, as well as pinnipeds, some primates, and a variety of other species. Animals in the family Felidae , including many species of large cat as well as domestic cats, were long believed to be resistant to canine distemper, until some researchers reported the prevalence of CDV infection in large felids. The viral infection can be accompanied by secondary bacterial infections and can present eventual serious neurological symptoms. Canine distemper is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the family Paramyxoviridae the same family of the viruses that causes measles , mumps , and bronchiolitis in humans. The disease is highly contagious via inhalation. In domestic dogs, while the acute generalized form of distemper has a high mortality rate, disease duration and severity depends mainly on the animal's age and immune status and virulence of the infecting strain of the virus. The origin of the word "distemper" is from the Middle English distemperen , meaning to upset the balance of the humors, which is from the Old French destemprer , meaning to disturb, which is from the Vulgar Latin distemperare : Latin dis- and Latin temperare , meaning to not mix properly.
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