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A country lagging in technology meant that the country is moving far from victory. The instruments that we developed like telescopes, satellites, rovers, etc. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun was born on March 23, , in present Poland, but at that time, being under the German empire he was regarded as a German national. In , he and his team launched 2 rockets propelled by liquid fuel, which rose to about 2. After his doctorate he joined SS, a paramilitary part of Germany since the research on rockets came under their military fundings and projects.
He claimed that in , the people from the Nazi party wanted him to join it as a part of promoting the research. During the testing held on October 3, , V2 became the first man-made object to reach the space crossing an altitude of 80 km.
In , for the first time, Germany used V2 to bomb the parts of Paris followed by Britain. Over the course of the war, a total of V2 missiles were built using forced labor from the Mittelwerk concentration camp and the process involved the death of about 12, laborers. The allies were trying all the way possible to intercept this missile on its trajectory but in vain. The uniqueness of V2 was that it would make its way up to more than 70 km from the ground and then drops itself at a max.
He was imprisoned for a short term for the act of promoting dreams over flying around the moon and mars instead of focusing on missile projects. Von Braun and his team of about scientists have planned to surrender, but they had to decide between the US and Soviets.
Von Braun and his team helped the US with building V2 and other missiles. Later the establishment of NASA , Wernher von Braun was made as to the first director of the Marshall Space Flight Center in , under the condition that he would work only if the development of Saturn V was allowed.
The rockets they used by then were unreliable and hence Von Braun insisted on testing and improvising them further. This nature of him had grabbed some hostility in the workspace as it was keeping America away from progression in the space race. Unlike others, Von Braun and Arthur Rudolph , who was directing the Saturn V mission had various teams working under the same project. In the beginning, it may seem like a waste of time and resources, but this tactic had several advantages like analyzing the mistakes made by one team with the another and the competition among them, making the best out of whatever they can.
It is said that he was a charismatic personality even in the workspace. He encouraged his co-workers, treated everyone as equal and made them rejuvenated just with the way of his approach. On July 16, , Apollo 11 crew consisting of 3 members was launched by the first successful Saturn V rocket.
This giant leap of mankind proved the worth of Von Braun and his team among Americans, fulfilling the dream he had for the moon and so the mankind. So far 6 crews had been sent to the moon by the Saturn V.
Till date there were 13 Saturn V launches held and among them 12 were of great success. Even after 40 years of its first launch, Saturn V remains as the most powerful rocket we have ever produced with a thrust of around This helped America win the space race and thus making it the only country in the world to put its astronauts on the moon.
Saturn V comes under the category of Super heavy-lift launch vehicle. Among the Apollo missions carried out using Saturn V, Apollo 17 bags the place for heaviest payload launched into space with a weight of tons. The dream for the establishment of a Mars and moon civilization had already begun during that period. Von Braun had written many articles to magazines about his idea for setting up a space station which unlike the ISS that we have today was expected to do many more things like assembling the equipment needed for an exoplanetary expedition.
Being an American in the latter half of his life, he also wrote about how a space station like that would give an upper hand to the nation so that attacks during the war would be much easier. It is, in fact, he joined the German SS because he had no other choice to do his research in his country. His career in Germany involved some disagreement with the military officials over there regarding the usage of his research.
His book spoke about a martian society and the way in which it thrives. Their objective was to look at whether the knowledge gained from those inhabitable lands could be used for training astronauts and many other exoplanetary missions, like the one he dreamt for Mars.
He worked with Walt Disney in some space-related projects. He always had this spirit for promoting science, especially aerospace engineering and to accomplish the feat that none in humanity has ever achieved.
He was diagnosed with cancer in but even after that, he was doing his best to give lectures and speeches to students. He died at the age of 65 in Virginia. Here was a lot of criticism held before him about his responsibility for killing imprisoned laborers and people for his V2. But if that was a man who loved those murders, then his future in America would have been much different than doing something with moon missions.
He was a man of science and to him, he stands with those who support him. Wernher Von Braun: — Credit — Wikipedia. Test Launch of V-2 Credit — Wikipedia.
Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen
Wernher von Braun was one of the most important German weapons specialists to work on rocketry and jet propulsion in the U. He disapproved of military use of the rocket and surrendered willingly to American troops in , eventually becoming technical director of the U. He was also chiefly responsible for rocketry for the nation's space program. After receiving a telescope from his mother at a young age, von Braun developed a passion for astronomy. In , now living with his family in Berlin, von Braun began reading Hermann Oberth's Die Rakete zu den Planetenrumen "The Rocket into Interplanetary Space" , which spurred his desire to better understand science and math, as the subjects related to space exploration. With his new dedication to his studies, von Braun became a top student. Von Braun enrolled at the Berlin Institute of Technology in the late s, and graduated with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering in
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Wernher Von Braun – The Man Behind The Moon