Scope of Work Accidents Those employed on temporary employment, permanent employment, self employed, employer or family worker working on an unpaid basis are within the scope of the work accidents. Work accidents include the accidents at the work site or during execution of the work, which may result in any type of injuries or fatality, including the traffic accidents while travelling for a business meeting. Scope of Work Ill Health Any kind of health problem the worker is subjected to during the last 12 months, which is attributable to existing work conditions or worsening previous health problems. Construction is high risk industry. Definition of Major Injuries Fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs or toes Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine Chemical or hot metal burn to, or penetrating injury of, the eye Injury leading to hypothermia, heat-induced illness or to unconsciousness.
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Accidents in Building Constructions Fall from height and getting part of body caught into machinery are the most prominent, ; followed by contact with electricity and hit by a falling object. Accidents in Channel Constructions Slope stability accidents during excavation are the most prominent, followed by fall from a height and hit by a falling material, . Hit by a falling object is the most prominent followed by explosive accidents, followed by falling from a height .
Root Causes of Construction Accidents Inadequate construction planning Lack of proper training Deficient enforcement of training Unsafe equipment Unsafe methods or sequencing Unsafe site conditions Not using safety equipment that was provided.
Hazard is the potential to do harm or damage when combined with a trigger mechanism. Risk is the probability of a hazard-related incident occuring, measured by the severity of harm or damage . Health and Safety Risk Assesment is identifying the hazards that may cause harm to people in a workplace and deciding whether reasonable steps are taken to prevent that harm. It helps to check if all measures are taken at the workplace . The factors that should be considered are defined in the Law as:.
Identifying the hazards Deciding who might be harmed and how Evaluating the risks and deciding on precautions Recording the significant findings Reviewing the assessment and updating if necessary. Identifying the Hazards To identify the hazards, list of work has to be reviewed.
This can be done by doing the following :. Reviewing the layout plans and the project details Checking the manufacturers instructions Records of accident and ill-health on past experience Walking on site Brainstorming with other engineers and workers Considering non-routine operations like maintenance, etc.
Refer to publications on occupational health and safety hazards. New and young workers Migrant workers New or expectant mothers People with disabilities Temporary workers Contractors Those working on his behalf.
Evaluate the Risks and Decide on Precautions Understand the main risks and make sure you manage them responsibly. Generally, you need to do everything reasonably practicable . For classification, risk matrices similar to the below example can be used.
Severe-Death or serious debilitating long-term injury such as amputation or coma Serious-Permanent or nonreversible injury that severely impact enjoyment of life and may require continued treatment Moderate-Permanent or reversible minor injury that does not significantly impact enjoyment of life, but requires medical treatment. Slight-Reversible injury requiring simple medical treatment with no confinement.
High- Very likely to occur, protective measures are nearly worthless Medium-Occurrence is likely. The frequency of control measures is significant or control measures are inadequate Moderate-Occurrence is possible, but not likely Low- Occurrence is so unlikely as to be considered nearly zero.
Finding a less risky option Preventing access to the hazard Organizing work to reduce exposure to hazard Issuing protective equipment Providing welfare facilities such as first aid and washing facilities Involve workers so that the measures will work in practice.
The hazards How people might be harmed What you have in place to control the risks Risk Assessment Templates can be used for such records. Do you need Action by Action Done to do anything who? Slips and Staff and trips visitors may be injured if they trip over objects or slip on spillages. General good housekeeping is carried out. All areas well lit, including stairs. No trailing leads or cables. Staff keep work areas clear, eg no boxes left in walkways, deliveries stored immediately.
Review Your Risk Assesment and Update if Necessary Workplaces change; new equipment, new substances, new procedures may lead to new hazards.
Therefore review of risk assesment is necessary. This can be done on the following basis:. Periodic review of the assesment Due to significant changes in the workplace May need improvements in the assessment Workers may have spotted a problem Learning from accidents or near misses Make sure your risk assesment stays up to date. Risk Management Risk Management is the process of weighing policy alternatives and selecting the most appropriate regulatory action based on the results of risk assesment and social, economic and political concerns .
Minimum information to include: Means of reporting fires and other emergencies Evacuation procedures and emergency escape route assignments Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate Procedures to account for all employees after and emergency evacuation has been completed Rescue and medical duties for those employees who are to perform them Names or job titles of persons who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.
Health and Safety Management System Organizations must be able to tackle occupational safety and health challenges continuously and build effective responses into dynamic management strategies.
The Occupational Safety and Management Systems provide a systematic approach to achieve safe working environments. Occupational safety and health, including compliance with OSH requirements of national laws and regulations, are the responsibility and duty of the employer. The employer should show stron leadership and commitment to OSH acitvities in the organization and make approporaite arrangements to establish an OSH management system.
Prevent accidents and cases of work-related ill health by managing the health and safety risks in the workplace Provide clear instructions and information, and adequate training, to ensure employees are competent to do their work Engage and consult with employees on day-to-day health and safety conditions Implement emergency procedures evacuation in case of fire or other significant incident. You should review your policy if you think it might no longer be valid, eg if circumstances change.
If you have fewer than five employees, you dont have to write down your policy. Health and safety law poster is displayed at location First-aid box is located: Accident book is located:.
Occupational safety and health objectives measurable, realistic and achievable objectives; documented and communicated to all levels of organization. Planning and Implementation. Hazard prevention Procurement compliance with OSH requirements Contracting OSH criteria in selecting contractors; coordination with contractor to communicate provisions; arrangememnts for reporting incidents of contractors workers; training contractors; monitoring contractors OSH activities; making sure OSH procedures are folowed by the contractor.
Performance monitoring and measurement Procedures to monitor Active monitoring measure and record OSH performance; systematic inspection of work systems, plants, equipments; surveillance of work environment, workers health, compliance with regulations Reactive moitoring identification, reporting and investigation of work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents, damages to property, OSH management system failures, workers rehabilitation and health restoration progarmmes.
Investigation of work-related injuries, ill-health, diseases and incidents, and their impact on safety and heath performance investigation team; communicating the investigation results to the health committee; corrective actions; investigations by external agencies. References 1. Johann F.
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Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by fth Document Information click to expand document information Description: notes. Date uploaded May 28, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Description: notes. Flag for Inappropriate Content. Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Accidents in Road Constructions Contact with construction machinery and site traffic accidents are the most prominent, .
Accidents in Tunnel Constructions Hit by a falling object is the most prominent followed by explosive accidents, followed by falling from a height . This can be done by doing the following : Reviewing the layout plans and the project details Checking the manufacturers instructions Records of accident and ill-health on past experience Walking on site Brainstorming with other engineers and workers Considering non-routine operations like maintenance, etc.
Record Your Significant Findings Make a record of your significant findings; The hazards How people might be harmed What you have in place to control the risks Risk Assessment Templates can be used for such records. Better housekeeping in staff kitchen needed, eg on spills. This can be done on the following basis: Periodic review of the assesment Due to significant changes in the workplace May need improvements in the assessment Workers may have spotted a problem Learning from accidents or near misses Make sure your risk assesment stays up to date.
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Kagoro Steven. Paul Torres. Appendix 7. Manny Hermosa. Popular in Occupational Safety And Health. Rachel Castardo Dominguez. Kesava Dass. Waleed Ayad. Manda Khel Apna Des. Rudnei Souza.
Constrution Safety And Engineering Ethics: Lecture 1: Accident Statistics
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